The hottest PLM helps Boeing 787 aircraft project

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PLM helps Boeing 787 aircraft project realize global virtual production

1 Introduction

Boeing 787 aircraft project is one of the classic projects of digital technology application in the first decade of the 21st century. It realizes the collaborative work of 135 locations and 180 suppliers. Product lifecycle management (PLM) is a collaborative platform for the global digital design, manufacturing, testing, sales, marketing, and delivery of the Boeing 787 aircraft project. It plays a key role in realizing global virtual production of Boeing 787 aircraft

2 Boeing 787's global production network

Boeing 787 aircraft is the model with the highest outsourcing production degree in the world. Almost all of its development, finalization, transformation and financing are realized through the global network. Boeing and its global partners have reached unprecedented coordination in the design and manufacturing of 787 aircraft, which is the fastest completion and lowest cost in Boeing's history. According to statistics, among the more than 4 million parts of the Boeing 787 canopy, Boeing itself is only responsible for the production of about 10% - the tail and final assembly, and the rest of the production is completed by more than 40 partners around the world. The design of Boeing 787 aircraft was jointly completed by the United States, Japan, Russia and Italy. The R & D and manufacturing of Boeing 787 aircraft involve top suppliers in the United States, Japan, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Sweden, Canada, South Korea, Australia, China and other countries and regions

the global production network of Boeing 787 aircraft is shown in Figure 1

Figure 1 Schematic diagram of the global production network of Boeing 787 aircraft

the fundamental reason why the Boeing 787 project can achieve high-level, real-time virtual collaboration with global partners is that PLM is adopted as the global digital design, manufacturing, testing, sales and market of the Boeing 787 aircraft project. And the collaboration platform delivered

3 composition model and functional characteristics of PLM

3.1 Xiao Jing produced by PLM

the so-called product life cycle refers to the whole life cycle from product demand, planning, design, production, distribution, operation, use, maintenance to recycling and re disposal. In this process. It is inseparable from the application of various information technologies. For example, through the application of CAx and VPD, improve the product design and manufacturing capacity; Through the application of PDM, realize the data management and collaboration in the process of product design; Through the application of ERP, SCM and other systems, we can realize resource allocation and coordination between upstream and downstream of the industrial chain. However, the application of these traditional information technologies often only focuses on a certain link in the whole life cycle of products, and does not achieve the overall design, resulting in the gap between various stages in the whole life cycle of products. Information island. Phenomenon

with the intensification of the above problems, the concept of PLM gradually evolved from collaborative product definition management (EPDM) in the late 1990s. PLM provides digital tools and a powerful information collaboration platform for each stage of the product life cycle, breaking the technical shackles that restrict the communication between product designers, manufacturers, sellers and users

3.2 the composition model of PLM

is defined according to cimdata. PLM mainly includes three parts, namely CAX software (tool software for product innovation), CPDM software (management software for product innovation, including PDM and collaborative software for sharing product model information on), and related consulting services. A composition model of PLM is shown in Figure 2

Figure 2 Schematic diagram of PLM composition model

3 In the United States, it can reduce the demand for energy by 20 (2) 5%. 3 the functional characteristics of PLM

(1) PLM is the inheritance and development of PDM

plm is not a new concept, it is derived from PDM. Before the production of PLM, PDM mainly managed the data in the process of product design; In PLM, the concept of PDM has been extended to CPDM, that is, collaborative PDM, which is considered from the perspective of the whole life cycle of the product and the collaboration of all departments and personnel involved in the product. It can be said that PLM contains all the contents of PDM, and PDM function is a subset of PLM

(2) PLM, ERP, SCM and CRM constitute a collaborative relationship

the application of enterprise informatization is currently mainly reflected in four business areas: ERP, SCM, CRM and PLM. These four applications play their respective roles and complement each other in the process of enterprise operation. Through the application of ERP. Improve the resource allocation ability of enterprises; Through the application of SCM, realize the coordination and communication with the upstream and downstream industrial chain of enterprise production and operation; Through the application of CRM, realize the management of the relationship between enterprises and downstream customers; Through the application of PLM. Realize the management of the whole life cycle of the core products of enterprise production and operation

it can be seen that the existing enterprise information system. ERP, SCM, CRM and PLM cannot replace each other, but they form a collaborative relationship. Using PLM Software to really manage the whole life cycle of a product requires integration with SCM, CRM, especially ERP. PLM places products at the core of all activities and plays a role in the whole coordination process. With PLM, ERP, CRM and SCM systems have a reliable, up-to-date, accurate and complete product information source that can be accessed in the whole life cycle of products

(3) collaboration is the core of PLM, and virtualization is the ideal state of PLM

collaboration is the core of PLM, which includes two meanings: collaboration and management between stages in the whole product life cycle; Collaboration among relevant enterprises, departments and personnel at all stages or links of product development

virtual is the ideal state of PLM, that is, before nothing happens in the real world, you can use PLM platform to design, prototype, test, manufacture and service a product in a three-dimensional environment

4 application and effect of PLM in Boeing 787 aircraft project

Boeing uses Dassault's PLM V5R16, including CATIA, DELMIA, ENOVIA, SmarTeam, etc., and has carried out digital design, manufacturing and testing for all aspects of Boeing 787 project, such as manufacturing process, before actually starting to produce aircraft. Among them, CATIA is used for the definition and Simulation of digital products; DELMIA is used for the definition of lean production process; ENOVIA and SmarTeam manage all information in the product life cycle in a collaborative way, including product configuration, process knowledge and resource information. Application of PLM. The integrated management of 787 project from "cradle to grave" has been realized

4.1 PLM features and technical architecture adopted by Boeing 787 project

plm V5R16 solution has three characteristics: first, CATIA V5 is no longer just a traditional CAD tool for completing 3D geometric modeling design, but a system for creating and optimizing products and product related knowledge; Second, from traditional product "data management" to enterprise "knowledge management"; Third, from the traditional "management results" to focus on "control process"

Dassault's solution is not simply to combine CAD software and PDM software, but to establish a unified, multi-level technical architecture. Dassault's PLM solution realizes the information integration between various systems within PLM and the effective monitoring and management of product data, processes and resources through PPR hub; The application software and solutions of ERP, CRM, SCM and other software manufacturers are integrated with Dassault PLM through caav5 middleware

4.2 application effect of PLM in the Boeing 787 aircraft project

(1) PLM provides a distributed, worldwide collaborative workspace for the Boeing 787 project

the Boeing 787 project creates a virtual R & D workspace called the global collaborative environment (CCE) based on PLM. It enables all project participants (including all departments of Boeing, partners of Boeing 787 project, system raw equipment suppliers and customers, etc.) to work in the same organization wherever they are, and carry out conceptual design, product design, product manufacturing and product support according to unified standards

(2) PLM makes the Boeing 787 project the first civil aircraft project to realize full three-dimensional model and Simulation in the whole product life cycle

with PLM, the Boeing 787 project becomes the first time to apply 3D model and simulation technology to such a large-scale and complex project, from the beginning of the project to production and then to product support. Civil aircraft projects that use three-dimensional models and digital simulation technology throughout the process. In the environment of 3D digital product definition and Simulation for the whole product development process established by CATIA. Accurate and intuitive 3D models have become the basic means to transmit design and product planning information. All participants in the process can access the dimensional data models of parts, assemblies and systems

(3) PLM establishes a channel for the "loop feed" between different links in the full life cycle of the Boeing 787 project

plm enables the Boeing 787 project to establish a more perfect digital design, simulation and manufacturing environment than the Boeing 777 project based on accurate 3D parts, assembly tooling models, virtual technology assembly, and simulation technology. This digital environment establishes the communication channel between designers and manufacturers, and realizes the smooth communication between aircraft design and manufacturing engineers. Loopback. To avoid the non manufacturability of the design only when it is put into production. The rework phenomenon in Boeing 787 project is greatly reduced. At the same time, the production system and process can be optimized before the actual production, so as to avoid the cost caused by the errors that occur in the later stage of the product life cycle due to the failure to test the product design and production planning

(4) PLM realized the animated "virtual factory leaving" of Boeing 787 aircraft.

on December 6, 2006, Boeing used the latest 3D technology to display the virtual 787 Dreamliner offline scene. The application of PLM was the first time for the Boeing 787 project. Virtual factory. Provided important technical support. PLM realizes the virtual display of the basic configuration of the experimental aircraft from design to production workshop, from production to customer support, and finally realizes a revolution from the Boeing 787 project digital assembly to the "aircraft life cycle film"

5 conclusion

Boeing 787 is the first aircraft that uses PLM solutions in the whole process from product conceptual design to production, and it is also the first aircraft launched virtually. With PLM solution, the development time of 787 aircraft is reduced from 5 years of the previous generation 777 aircraft to 4 years

PLM has changed the traditional way, method and means of design and manufacturing management. At present, advanced manufacturing enterprises in the world have generally adopted PLM solutions. This also enlightens Chinese manufacturing enterprises to strengthen the breadth and depth of PLM application, and PLM will become the only way for the future informatization development of Chinese manufacturing enterprises


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