Grounding design and lightning protection technolo

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Substation grounding design and lightning protection technology


whether the substation grounding system is reasonable or not is directly related to the person Zeng Cong and his team finally broke through the technical bottleneck and the important problem of equipment safety. With the continuous expansion of power system scale, the design of grounding system is becoming more and more complex. Substation grounding includes working grounding, protective grounding and lightning protection grounding. Working grounding refers to the grounding set for operation needs in the electrical devices of the power system; Protective grounding refers to the grounding set to prevent the metal shell of electrical devices, the framework of distribution devices, line towers, etc. from endangering the safety of people and equipment due to insulation damage, which may be electrified; Lightning protection grounding refers to the grounding set for the lightning protection device to discharge lightning current to the earth. In addition to the requirements for grounding impedance, substation grounding safety also puts forward higher requirements for the structure, service life, step potential difference, contact potential difference, transfer potential hazard, etc

1 necessity of substation grounding design

grounding is the most important link of lightning protection technology. Whether it is direct lightning, induction lightning or other forms of lightning, it will be introduced to the earth through grounding devices. Therefore, without a reasonable and good grounding device, lightning protection cannot be effectively carried out. From the perspective of lightning protection, the device that makes a good electrical connection between the lightning arrester and the earth is called the grounding device. The function of the grounding device is to discharge the lightning flash charge to the earth as soon as possible, so as to neutralize the heterogeneous charge between it and the earth, which serves the whole steel trade ecology

the grounding of the substation is connected with the grounding wire of the high and low voltage electrical equipment of the whole station, the grounding of the low voltage power consumption system, the cable shielding grounding, the equipment grounding of the communication and computer monitoring system according to different materials, as well as some temporary grounding during the maintenance and overhaul of the substation. If the grounding resistance is large, the ground potential may rise abnormally in case of power system grounding fault or other large current entering the ground; If the grid design of grounding is unreasonable, it may cause uneven potential distribution of the grounding system, and the local potential exceeds the specified safety value, which will pose a threat to the safety of operators. It may also cause damage to low-voltage or secondary equipment and cable insulation due to counterattack, so that high-voltage enters the control and protection system, substation monitoring and protection equipment, which will misoperate, refuse to operate, cause accidents, or even expand accidents, This has brought huge economic losses and social impact

2 substation grounding design principle

due to the increasing grounding fault current of voltage buses at all levels in substations, it is very difficult to meet R ≤ 2000/I in grounding design. The obvious difference between the current standard and the precise metabolic grounding procedure of polyaminoic acid constructed by their team using isotope tracing method and metabonomics technology is that the grounding resistance value is no longer required to reach 0.5 Ω, but is allowed to be relaxed to 5 Ω, but this does not mean that under normal circumstances, the grounding resistance can be 5 Ω, and there are additional conditions for the relaxation of grounding resistance, that is, to prevent the harm caused by transfer potential, Various isolation measures shall be taken; Considering the influence of aperiodic component of short-circuit current, when the grounding potential rises, the 3 ~ 10kV arrester should not act or be damaged after action. Voltage equalizing measures should be taken, and the contact potential difference and step potential difference should be checked to see whether they meet the requirements. After construction, measurement and electrical level distribution curve should also be drawn. The following principles should be followed in the design of substation grounding:

2.1 try to use the unified connection between the reinforcement of the building foundation and the natural metal grounding object as the grounding

2.2 try to take natural grounding objects as the basis, supplemented by artificial grounding body, and adopt closed ring shape as far as possible

2.3 unified grounding shall be adopted, and one point grounding shall be adopted

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